PALMS CARE ORISSA

An insight to Dhenkanal, Odisha
Odisha state in India had been declared as backward state having more than 33% of its population consisting of tribal and scheduled caste/ Dalit’s living in Jungal and mountain areas and not having sufficient infrastructural developments. For more than 2 decades, communal rivalry and riots were taken place between tribal as well between the upper and lower caste people. Religious animosity caused loss of many lives and many have flooded away from their villages, leaving behind their belongings, hoses and lands. They tried to find shelter in urban areas and in other neighbouring states.

A short Introduction about Dhenkanal
Dhenkanal District is an administrative division of Odisha, India. It is bordered by Kendhujhar to north, Jaipur to the east, Cuttack to the south and Anugul to the west. Dhenkanal town, the district headquarters has a cluster of temples, archaeologically remains with a medieval fort. A former princely state, Dhenkanal has a long history. In 1947, after the independence of India, the princely state of Dhenkanal merged into the Indian Union and subsequently with Odisha in 1948. The majority of this district is covered with dense forest and a long range of hills, which are home to elephants and tigers.Primarilyagricultural, the principal forest products of the district are timber, bamboo, firewood, kenduleaf, medicinal herbs and plants.

The district is the centre of a religious movement called “Mahima Dharma” that has spread throughout India and far eastern countries since the nineteenth century. The JagarJatra(MahaShivaratri) is a famous festival celebrated here in the winter season.

Our vision for every child, life in all its fullness; Our prayer for every heart, the will to make it so.

In Dhenkanal city there are many slums, but we have chosen one of them which is called as ColoneySahi ,SurgenSahikutuniyasahi. Basically the inhabitants of this slums are sweepers, daily workers, municipality drain cleaners, Rickshaw pullers and all belongs to S.T., S.C. as well as socially   deprived people. These people live as refugees having no proper work and income. Their children deserted to mix with anti-social elements and of course they tend to run towards drugs.And their conditions are worse than before. The children are the one who are neglected and used as child labourers. Which is really pitiful and need developmental project and people to support them.

This pitiful situation moved our hearts to undertake the risk to do of some developmental work and be a tiny help for them. That’s the way the Day Care Centre   has sprouted in our minds to cultivate a tiny help among these socially deprived community.

We hope and trust that with this Day Care Centre we may get an opportunity to reach their parents through their children. We can start an awareness programme among the parents  about untouchability between upper class and the lower class, bring awareness about the social evil exist in our society, all kinds of blind beliefs, and about drugs addiction, and sensitization  activities taken on HIV/AIDS, sanitation and health etc., in the days to come.

We are sharing with you our dream &vision and hopping that God may help us to make this dream come true. May the Lord’s name alone be glorified!

A Brief summary of Juang Tribe

INTRODUTION

Odisha is home to sixty-two tribal groups, one of which is Juang. These people are known to inhabit only this state. This people group lives mainly in the district of ANGUL, KENONJHAR and DENKANAL in the state of Odisha. The Juang come under primitive tribe group who lives in the Gonasika Mountain, Odisha. God is transforming this uncivilized

Community in different villages.

ORIGIN AND HISTORY

Juang is the name of the language spoken by a people group also known by them the same name in the Indian state of Odisha. In the language Juangmeans man. Juang belong to the central Munda group. Until the early part of the 20th century the Juang lived predominantly in the forest area as the huntersand gatherers. But the creation of forest reservation by the government in the 1900s deprived them of their original occupation and they settled down and turned to agriculture. The majority of Juang people live in homogenous village, which serves as a social and economic unit.

LANGUAGE

Juangs speak JUANG as their mother tongue which is Munda language group and they speak Odiya which is the lingua franca of the state.

SOCIAL BACKGROUND

Juang live in small villages as small group around 20-40 families in a village in the mountain/ near the mountainside. Their huts measure about 6×8 feet with very low doorways.

The father and all the female of a family huddle together and boys have a separate hut in thevillage where all the young boys used to sleep at night.Every village there is a Dehury(priest) to perform pooja at the village. Every year they conduct community meeting to solve the community level dispute in the society as adultery, murder, if any one accept Christianity, etc. if person is found guilty he would be excommunicated from the society. It would be conducted at night in the forest. The chief of the society would declare the judgment. They are attracted by Alcohol (both men and women), music and drama programme.

OCCUPATIONS

Juang depends on primitive tithing cultivation and collection of minor forest produce. Nowadays Occupation of the Juang is Weaving Bamboo basket; Works as a servant in other community, Labors and many young are Migration for the work. The Juang exchange their basket for salt, oil, food and money from the village traders.

CULTURAL BACKGROUND

In the early part of the 20th century the Juang lived predominantly in the forest area the women dressed in leaves so that the tribes is also referred to as Patua. Since the last decades the women have been wearing saris and the men dhotis. Now the young men wear trousers and shirts and the women blouses.

One of the most striking sights in a Juang village is the male dormitory, called the Majang or the Mandapghar. Usually they are located at the center of the village. The Mandapghar primarily serve for three purposes. These are the training centers to train young boys in their cultural values and traditional disciplines. Secondly, it serves as the meeting place for all the villagers for both formal and informal discussions. And finally if any unknown/ outsider come to the village they will call them to this place. They will allow that person to stay there.

Family type among the Juang is predominantly nuclear and monogamy is the principle for married life. But Polygamy is not utterly prohibited. Marriage is very important institution of the Juang tribe. Eloping is very rarely found among them and cross culture marriage is strictly prohibited. To honor the guest soon after reaching they would provide water to refresh them. The pregnant women should not go to sacred places and refrained from tying up of any things, weaving mat and also plastering house with mud. On the 5th day of giving birth to a child, they conduct ceremony which is called as ‘chuthukiya’ (untouchablity) that day they clean cloths as well as house until this no one is allowed to enter the house and she also not allow to go to any house. At 21 day they conduct another ceremony called ‘ekusiya’ (21st day) on which they name the child. They burn the dead body and throw them into any running stream or leave on that spot of cremation.

RELIGIONS

Their religion is a vague belief forest spirit, fore fathers spirit, for them Dharma devtaand

Basumataare the supreme deities. The Dharma devta is the creator who loves, cares, sustains and never harms any things as well as human beings. ‘Gramshree’ is the village deity, who is the protector of the village and once in a year every family sacrifice hen/ cock. This should be done by every family. If not they will be rejected by the villagers. They offer every first fruit before using for them which is called as nuvakiya. But now they practice all Hindu gods and goddess.

ECONOMIC BACKGROUND

Traditionally the Juang were hunters and gatherers. But at present they gather mushrooms, bidi leaves, fire wood and other forest products. Their economic sources are paddy cultivation, other crops and weaving bamboo basket. During the monsoon months those who have agriculture land do grow rice and other crops. This is the time from June extending up to December when the people are engaged in agricultural activities. But most of them do not produce enough to feed their families all around the year so they look for work opportunities. The Juang being a ST has job reservation quotas in the central and state governments but because of low literacy rates and less opportunity for higher education and developing technical skills they are not qualified.

EDDUCTION

  1. Literacy percentage among the men 3%
  2. Literacy percentage among the women 1%
  3. There is no school in their villages. So they have to walk 3 to 4 km to school

POLITICAL STATUS

When compare to the other tribes the Juang are a minority hence they do not have any active say in the decision making bodies in spite of having representation in the local bodies. There have been no MLA’s or MP’s from their tribes yet. Because of exploitation by officials, traders, etc. outsiders are usually viewed with suspicion. There are very few insiders in government jobs.

Let the  tiny buds blossom

This project will start after we receive some money in advance. Children are ready.

This project is going on since last 3 months among the school going children but very sad to mention that they were very poor in studies. In the school they did not learn any basics which they supposed to learn. Though they go to school but just name sake. Now as we saw their condition is very pathetic we started taking care for them, they are improving a lot.   Even the 7thstd children do not aware of addition, subtraction, multiplication, counting numbers, alphabets etc.  With this project at present 8 juang children getting benefit. In the days to come many will come forward to take the opportunity. Because they are socially deprived and no such level of finance to maintain it.

Monthly Budget
(For the 10 (no’s)  of tribal, downtrodden and slums of  Dhenkanal, Odisha)

SL. No Particulars Amount (Rs) Remark
1. Recurring
A. Feeding Expenses: Meals 2 times
A.1. Grocery, vegetables, Non-veg items – Rs. 300×30 Rs. 9000.00
A. 2. Snacks/ Breakfast
Milk, Sugar,Biscutes, poha , bread  Rs. 50×30 Rs. 1500.00
A.3. Cooking gas per month Rs. 1000.00
A.4. Honorarium to cook, 1 person Rs. 4000.00
B. Dress Materials :-
 B. 1. 2 uniforms sets 300×2×10 Rs. 6000.00 Optional
B.2. Daily use/toilet materials Rs.   500.00
C. Sanitary and Medicines
C.1. Medicine Viral — Rs.1000.00
C.2.
D. Educational/recreational/ Cultural
D.1. Books, Copies, Pencils, Pen, slates— Rs500.00
D.2. Indoor games and sports materials — Rs.   500.00
E. Honorarium
E.1. Teachers Rs. 5000.00
Aaya Rs. 3000.00
Part time Drawing , music Teachers Rs. 3000.00 Optional
Grand Total per month Rs.26000.00
Grand Total per month Rs. 26000.00×12= 312000.00

N.B. :Dress material items and part time music teachers are not included .

Age limit is 4 – 7 years old, other dropouts and child labourers will be considered accordingly.  This budget made last year & sent to you, so you please rectify it accordingly. Thanks.

As the juang ladies are fire wood collectors or some of them are daily labourers we would like to empower them and earn for their livelihood at home. So we want to help them by giving them 2opportunity to be empowered. At present 10  ladies are  interested to learn tailoring and join  adult literacy program. A few of them only know their signature but many of them never gone to any school. So we want to start literacy program for them. They are the fire wood collectors, daily labourers. Their husbands’ also daily labourers and many of them are liquor drunkards. So we would try to motivate them also to join this program.

There are two ways to helpthem. In the following picture there are only 4 ladies but they will join very soon in the coming days.

  1. Tailoring /Sewing Class for the Juang women and other poor girls
  2. Adult Literacy Program

Budget for the women empowerments project

  1. Duration : six  month Tailoring course

For 10 ladies

At least 5 number of sewing machine needed

One sewing machine Rs. 7000.00 x 5 number   = Rs. 35000.00

Sewing material box                         Rs.   600.00x 10 boxes        = Rs    6000.00 including scissors, thread, niddle , cloth etc.

Monthly 10 meter cloth needed       Rs.   600.00x 10 meters        = Rs    6000.00

For six months                                     Rs. 6000.00x 6 months      = Rs36000.00

For Instructors remuneration per month         Rs. 4000.00 x 6= Rs. 24,000.00

Maintenance for machine per month Rs. 500×6 = Rs. 3000.00

1. Rs. 7000.00 x 5 number = Rs. 35000.00  Machine cost
2. Rs.   600.00x 10 boxes = Rs    6000.00  sewing materials
3. Rs. 4000.00 x 6  months =  Rs. 24,000.00  Remuneration
4. Rs. 6000.00x 6 months   = Rs  36000.00 cloths
5.

 

Rs. 500×6  months = Rs. 3000.00 maintenance
Total  cost for this project =  Rs. 104000.00

Duration: 3 months

In order to empower the juang ladies here in Dhenkanal we have selected a slum namely Kutuniyasahi. There are 14/15 families reside in this small basti .

So we will start up with 10 ladies for this project. Slates,Pencils, erasers,Sharpeners, Note book  all in one kit bag . One kit bag Rs. 300

    1.Kit bag Rs.300×10=                                                   Rs. 3000.00
    2. 2 instructors Remuneration Rs.  1000.00×2= Rs. 2000.00 3 months = Rs.6000.00
Total Amount Rs. 9000.00

Along with adult literacy program we will emphasise a few basic health care tips for these women such as :

  1. Nutrition
  2. Maternal and child health care , including family planning
  3. Adequate safe water and basic sanitation.
  4. Immunization against major infectious diseases.
  5. Appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries
  1. Computer class

We have 10 students whom we can train them to earn their livelihood. There are 5 juang boys and 5 kui boys at present to learn. So to start this project we are in need of at least 5 number of computers.

Budget for computer project

1. Computer    costs Rs. 16000.00x 5 number = Rs. 80000.00
2. 5 tables        costs Rs. 3000.00×5   numbers  =Rs.15000.00
3.       5 Chair          costs Rs.    1000.00×5 number   = Rs.  5000.00
4.       Instructors Remunerationfee Rs. 4000×3 months           = Rs. 12000.00
5.       Food and Accommodation Food Rs. 50x 10 students per day

Rs. 500×30 days                 = Rs. 15000.00

Total cost = Rs. 127000.00
  1. Music class: 6 months to 1 year

For the tribal boys we would like to offer the musical training, so that it may help them to help their family financially. For this project we need of a few musical instruments to have in our music class. The followings are some basic instruments and their market price.

1. One Dhalok  costs Rs.  4000.00
2. One Guitar  costs Rs.  5000.00
3. One Trango costs Rs.   6000.00
4. One Harmonium Rs.   8000.00
5.       One Drums Rs.  15000.00
6.       One Dubi&Tabala Rs.    7000.00
7.       Instructors fee, monthly Rs. 5000 Rs. 5000.00×12 months = Rs. 60000.00
Total cost Rs.   105000.00

There are about 16 families in Kutuniya sahi ( Village) . But There is only one well for drinking sake. It is not sufficient for them during summer season. There is a hand pump but it is under repair and the concerned people do not mind it. So the result the villagers are not able to get safe drinking water.

These are a few  pictures of huts where the Juang people live in. This is just for you to have a glance in it.